Below is a step-by-step process of how we manufacture our billiard tables. It is a standard way of building pool tables that most companies adhere to. Of course, luxury designs do differ from one company to the next.
Designing Our Billiard Tables
First, edge liners, 0.75 inches (2-cm) thick 1 × 8 inches (1.9 × 18 cm) and 1 × 4 inches (1.9 × 9-cm),wood are fastened onto the bottom part of the slate on the edges. The broader bands are positioned underneath the edges where the pockets will be later located. Until the adhesive has dried up, the edge liners are fastened firmly onto the slate.
The pockets are then cut in the edge liner. Holes (for bolts and screws) that will be used to attach the rails and the body of the table are then drilled into the edge liner so as to match the holes that had already been bored in the slate.
Sides, that will be used for the frame of the body, are now cut from 2 × 12 inch (4 × 28 cm) wood. The corners and the top edges of all four sides must then be judiciously cut for once they are assembled, they will be angled inward at a 15 degree angle from the top to the bottom. The body frame is made to be smaller than the slate, hence the slate overlays the body frame by 3.5 inches (9 cm) on either side of the pool table. The sides are then fastened and screwed or nailed together.
The legs are readied for the pool table. Solid pieces of wood may be whittled in ornamental shapes, or hollow table legs may be built by gathering sheets of wood in a cuboid shape. Leg supports are bonded and screwed into every corner of the body frame.
A slate frame is now built over the top edges of the frame. Strips of 1.5 × 3 inches (4 × 8 cm) timber are attached so that they can overhang the frame by about 1 inch (2.5 cm), with the exception of the corners. A couple of cross members 2 × 6inches (4 × 14cm) wood are joined and screwed in between the longer sides of the slate frame.
After the seams are stuck down on the frame of the pool table, the bed cloth is extended firmly over the body frame and then fastened.
A longitudinal support is now installed along the middle of the body frame, in between the shorter sides. Pocket holes are then cut up in the corners and in the longer sides of the slate frame.
The lower and the upper rail constituents are cut from the appropriate timber. They are attached together so as to make six laminated units 1.75 inches (4.5 cm) thick and lengthy enough to put in between each consecutive pair of pockets. Face slants on the rail are cut out accurately for proper placing of the rubber cushion. After, a groove is cut out along the upper edge to take an attaching strip for the cloth that will eventually conceal the rail.
Circular, or in some cases, diamond-shaped sights are then cautiously placed at three different locations on each section of the rail.
An apron (also known as a blind) segment of about 4 inches (10 cm) in width is cut out so as to match the span of each section of the rail. This constituent ultimately covers the ends of the liner and the slate, the slate frame, and the body frame.
The component are then stained, sanded (finely), and then finished. This is done with lacquer, catalysed varnish, and/or furniture wax. The rubber cushions are then fastened to the rail sections.
The legs are secured to the bottom of the body of the table. The entire construction is checked to ensure it is level, and then shims are introduced in between the legs and the body if needed.
The three segments of slate are bolted into place on the top of the body of the table. Shims are placed if and as needed underneath the slate liners. This is to ensure a level surface is achieved. The seams in between the slate segments are stuck down with hot wax, and the residue of this is carefully eliminated from the surface.
The cloth is stretched compactly and consistently over the slate, and its edges wrap the slate liner and are then stapled to the edges. The rail faces are likewise covered with the bed cloth.
The rail segments are linked by putting in the pins (those of the pocket irons) into the holes that were drilled in each rail section. Bolts are inserted upward in the slate to secure the rail above the slate.
Blinds are finally glued and fixed to the bottom part of the rails and to the edges of the slate liner.